AI stands for Artificial Intelligence. It refers to the development of computer systems or machines that can perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence. AI systems are designed to simulate human cognitive abilities such as learning, problem-solving, perception, and decision-making.AI can be categorized into two main types: Narrow AI and General AI.
Narrow AI: Narrow AI, also known as weak AI, is designed to perform specific tasks within a limited domain. Examples of narrow AI include voice assistants like Siri and Alexa, image recognition software, and recommendation algorithms used by streaming platforms. % General AI: General AI, also known as strong AI or AGI (Artificial General Intelligence), refers to AI systems that possess the ability to understand, learn, and apply knowledge across various domains. General AI would have human-like intelligence and could potentially outperform humans in most intellectual tasks.AI systems are built using various techniques, including machine learning, deep learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. Machine learning algorithms allow AI systems to analyze large amounts of data, recognize patterns, and make predictions or decisions based on the learned patterns. Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that focuses on artificial neural networks, enabling AI systems to process complex data such as images, speech, and text.AI has numerous applications across industries, including healthcare, finance, manufacturing, transportation, and entertainment. It has the potential to revolutionize various fields, automate repetitive tasks, enhance decision-making, and create new opportunities for innovation and efficiency.